Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is based on the foundation that human behaviors are caused internally (thoughts and feelings) rather than external factors (people, situations, and events), thus addressing the interactions between how we think, feel and behave. CBT involves the counselor and the patient actively defining and modifying thought and behaviour patterns based on the goals and values of the patient and within a structured process of teaching, coaching and reinforcing positive behaviours. CBT is highly instructive and intuitive as a time-limited method of therapy, effective for clients a variety of psychological problems including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, substance dependence, social phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Positive Psychology Approach: Positive psychology studies and focuses on the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive. Using positive psychology, clients learn how to increase their capacity for positive emotions, positive individual traits and positive institutions, and how these enhance their experiences of self, love, work and play. This school of therapy analyzes states of pleasure or flow and values, strengths, virtues, and talents—as well as the ways that they can be promoted by social systems and institutions.
Early Childhood Developmental Assessment: The first few years of life are fundamental in setting the foundation for long-term learning, behaviour, and health outcomes—contrastingly, difficulties in early childhood are often associated with later troubles in school performance, social adjustment, and health. Early Childhood Developmental Assessment followed by early intervention can help to circumvent the negative effects of certain early factors on later outcomes.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is part of an integrative approach to psychotherapy based on a model of AIP, or Adaptive Information Processing. By reprocessing a client’s traumatic memories and associated stimuli through alternating bilateral visual, auditory, and tactile stimulation, EMDR allows for the re-coding of maladaptive or incomplete mental/emotional trauma management. EMDR facilitates the effective reclaiming of adverse life events to an adaptive resolution, and was first developed for post-traumatic stress disorder but has been found to be effective in a number of other psychological conditions including anxiety, phobias, addictions and eating disorders.
Attachment Perspective to Parenting is an approach to child-rearing intended to forge strong, secure attachments between parent and child and that supports physical closeness, sensitivity, and responsiveness in parents. This practice emphasizes empathy and parent-child communication where sensitive, responsive parenting leads kids to form secure attachments.
Play-based psychotherapy is a method of clinical practice based upon the act of free play being a child’s most natural medium of self-expression, and thus giving them an opportunity to safely ‘play out’ their feelings and problems under a context that fits their level of cognitive development. Through play-based psychotherapy children are able to more effectively and accurately communicate their awareness of what is happening in their world.
Sensorimotor Pyschotherapy is a body-centered approach that aims to treat the somatic symptoms of unresolved trauma. While traditional talk therapies utilize the words of a person as the entry point for treatment, sensorimotor depends on the bodily experiences of the individual as the gateway to awareness and improved mental health. In other words, the traumatic experience may become trapped deep within the body, resulting in unresolved trauma. Sensorimotor therapy techniques can help an individual begin to heal deeply, through a safe and supportive environment.
Observed Experiential Integration (OEI) is an effective therapy for processing and resolving psychological trauma, treating additions & eating disorders, improving relationships, and improving academic and sport performance. Observed Experiential Integration (OEI) integrates the visual pathways and both of the brain hemispheres to reduce symptoms of anxiety and unresolved trauma. During therapy, the client follows the therapist’s moving fingers with their eyes while covering and uncovering a single eye at a time. This exercise works to
integrate the two brain hemispheres, allowing information to process
through both the sensory and emotional processors.
Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a treatment method available for a variety of anxiety disorders, specifically obsessive–compulsive disorder and phobias. When using ERP, the client is exposed to the thoughts, images, objects and situations that may cause anxiety and/or start the obsessions, while integrating coping mechanisms after the obsession and/or compulsion has been “triggered”. Exposure and Response treatment is experienced in a safe environment, under the guidance of a therapist, teaching and empowering the client to self-engage ERP exercises to help reduce and manage symptoms on their own.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a psychological therapy designed to aid in preventing the relapse of depression. It uses traditional cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) methods, but includes newer psychological strategies such as mindfulness and mindfulness meditation. Cognitive methods include educating clients about depression, while the mindfulness and mindfulness meditation focuses on becoming aware of all incoming thoughts and feelings and accepting them, but not attaching or reacting to them. The goal of MBCT is to interrupt automatic thought processes and teach clients how to focus less on reacting to incoming stimuli, and instead accept and observe them without judgment. This mindfulness practice allows the participant to notice when automatic processes are occurring and to alter their reaction to be more of a reflection.